With more and more people accessing the internet with mobile devices, it's so important that you give them best mobile experience when they visit your website. Today, I have a quick and easy tutorial on how to make YouTube, Vimeo, embed, and HTML5 videos responsive with CSS.
Resize your browser, view this page on your mobile device, or change your device orientation (landscape, portrait). You'll see that the video resizes proportionally, not to mention the rest of this site, according to the size of your browser or orientation of your device.
The HTML is extremely simple.
Simply wrap the iframe, embed, or video tags with a div with class
js-video. The optional
.widescreen gives support for widescreen 16:9 videos and
.vimeo tweaks any Vimeo videos you embed for the best experience.
Although the CSS is not quite as simple as the HTML, it's pretty simple. We'll start off with the div that'll wrap the video.
Because a div is a block element and by default its width is 100%, it's horizontally responsive. However, because we want the video to be responsive, we need to be able to proportionally size the video according to its ratio.
.js-video sets a relative height with a hidden overflow to allow the video inside to properly resize proportionally. This is default support for a standard 4:3 video, which determined by the
padding-bottom: 67.5%. This supports YouTube, traditional embed, and HTML5 videos.
Vimeo is just slightly different. Because of how Vimeo stages the video with their iframe video code, we remove the with
.vimeo by removing the top padding of the div,
Adding support for widescreen 16:9 videos is easy by simply adjusting the padding-bottom. The additional class
We now need to manipulate the iframe, embed, object, or video tag inside the div. Since the proportions are set for us by the parent div, we need to position the video absolutely and set the width and height to 100%.
To make life a little easier, I created a demo for you to try it or even download and use the source on your own website.